If you haven't taught reported speech, then you can still use the pair-work questions on the sheet (just delete the top paragraph about reported speech). We are so grateful for your works. (correct), Is your hometown worth to visit? Yoko want/go/abroad. 1. Students may find that learning gerunds is . Thanks for sharing with the world. Jumping is fun.. He had a unique way of whistling.. Which paragraph is better? These students will also need a pen and paper to take notes about the countries they visit. This les son plan is great. His girlfriend called him when we were at the pub. Video gaming as a professional sport, or e-sports, is the fastest growing sporting event in the world. (I was happy to share). So after arriving in Honolulu, his family had to stop _____________ some clothes for him. Writing down a list of things we appreciate is a good way to count our blessings every day. Did you ask me if I enjoyed going to concerts? Sometimes it can be problematic to spot a gerund in a sentence or to use it correctly. In the second sentence, "hiking" is a verb. A gerund phrase is a phrase consisting of a gerund and any modifiers or objects associated with it. Directions: Use the following verbs and adjectives to create sentences about the future. My job is to write short, likeable songs that can be used in commercials on television or the radio. For example, in "I like cycling" the noun cycling is a gerund. (, The study abroad program might satisfy your desire for new experiences. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Not the answer you're looking for? Please support your answer (sources are nice). Activity Part One: Homework Travel Research. Using stories is so useful. Read over the Professional Gamer Answer Key in Appendix 2 before class. Why? In order to boost happiness, there are five methods people can use. Whenever Jordan was on the court, everyone expected him to dominate. These verbs change meaning when used with a gerund or infinitive. Conclude the activity by having the students share their WOOP plans with the class. (Note to teachers: Delete the questions that you haven't studied if you feel it will confuse your students). Directions: Read the story below on the life of a professional video game player. Students can use their idea from Part 1 of this activity or create a new plan to follow. Choose one that suits your level and give it a shot with yourstudents. Give the students time to complete the reading and to fill in the gerund and infinitive blanks. Generate points along line, specifying the origin of point generation in QGIS. He hesitated to go in, but he finally did. But after two months, he only managed _________________ (lose) 3 pounds. 8. It's important to listen during an interview. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. After the Group B students have visited several countries, have the groups switch roles. Something else, Im doing is that Im asking students to record themselves when they practice the sentences. The writing should be large enough to see from a distance. ), They do not appreciate my singing. Excellent exercises !Thank you very much . If you found this page helpful, consider a donation to our hosting bill to show your support! After the pairs have checked their answers, review the answers as an entire class to double-check the answers. Your outputs are nice nad helpful. 5. A gerund is formed by adding -ing to the base form of the verb. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Matthew Barton / Creator of Englishcurrent.com. What will they do as a hobby or for fun in the future? Despite my disappointment, I was happy that I had at least tried to make the team. (wrong avoid doing), What didn't your parents allow you to do? his constituents (direct object of action expressed in gerund). You can only use a gerund after the verb "suggest." Let's take the word "like." You can say "I like" running" or. By clicking Accept all cookies, you agree Stack Exchange can store cookies on your device and disclose information in accordance with our Cookie Policy. He also really likes __________. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. My students are using an LMS (a learning management system) that allows them to record themselves. Begin the next part of the lesson, by asking the students, How do you make your future goals come true?. ESL Gerunds and Infinitives Game - Grammar, Writing and Listening: Gap-fill, Binary Choice, Writing Sentences, Guessing - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes. Tip 1: Both gerunds and infinitives follow certain verbs you'll learn much more about which verbs below. Finally, when they got inside the airport, Bernardo realized that he had forgottento pack clothes. Are you going to stop _________________ (do) something on the way home today? He rememberedto bring his passport at least. This is about writing style and readability. One day, she followed him home from work. My friend Bernardo enjoys __________ . They both got kicked out of the restaurant. God bless you more. He was gaining weight. (enter) 3. Now, his girlfriend has suggested joining a gym. 4 Indirect object: My sister gave biking a try. It was so helpful and more practical. It's probably how kids today feel about players like Lebron James and Steph Curry. Hiking is one of his favorite activities. Gerunds and Infinitives - Doing What Noun Phrases Do Here is a brief review of the differences between gerunds and infinitives. Conclude this portion of the activity by asking the students to share their plans with the entire class. Being married will not make me happy. shifting verb tenses back when the reporting verb is in the past tense) and, Activities for Teaching Gerunds & Infinitives (ESL). The goal of this portion of the activity is to introduce students to jobs they may not know while practicing reading infinitive verbs. Then write a short paragraph (at least six sentences) with gerunds and infinitives about your friend/family member. She noticed that sometimes he would smell like hamburgers. In my job I might have to drive, to jump from a great height, or to fight. What is Wario dropping at the end of Super Mario Land 2 and why? 1. This way of memorising/understanding seems to be more efficient then making students lean lists of words. Thank you very much for putting it together! We were winning by 16 points, but the other team, All at once, my teammates all ran towards me and, (rule note: If you want to follow a preposition with an action/activity, it must use a gerund. For example, in "I like cycling" the noun cycling is a gerund. WOOP, or Wish, Outcome, Obstacle, Plan, helps people think about their future as a process instead of just an idea. Bernardo loves _____________. Have the students work together to match the job descriptions to the correct job. 1.doing, 2. to study, 3. doing, 4. watching/reading, 5. to do, 6. to do, 1.to learn, 2. to do, 3. doing, 4. to do, 5. doing, 1.doing, 2. doing/to do 3. doing/to do 4. to do 5. doing, 1.to do, 2. doing 3. doing 4. to do 5.being. Which one has a gerund as the object of the verb? a. rev2023.4.21.43403. It may not always be the gerund which receives the ing tag but it can also be participles. The LibreTexts libraries arePowered by NICE CXone Expertand are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Beginning, middle, or end of a paragraph; gerund, participle, or simply a word with that particular spelling it does not matter. Verb Focus: love, start/stop, remember, forget, try. Look at these examples with the gerund phrases used in different ways: Reading books quietly is my favorite pastime. For Part Two of the activity, have one blank sheet of paper for each student to write down the name of the country they researched. Have the students continue to work with their partners to brainstorm some jobs they find unique or interesting. But he wanted to lose more. Im afraid I have to delay going on holiday because of my personal problems. He tried _________ her away, but he accidentally hit her in the face. My back was facing the basket, so I had to turn to shoot the ball. He stopped _________________ (eat) fast food and started _________________ (buy) more fruit and vegetables. 2. 1. 8. the boss (subject complement for Jeff, via state of being expressed in gerund). She promised to make him a lot of healthy food, and she did. Bernardo disliked exercising, but he agreed to try it. (correct). While students are brainstorming, write the following on the board: A location scout would be an interesting job, because I like to meet new people. (Past) participle: Implied in this sentence is the verbal phrase, that has been preceding the verbal . an illness (direct object of action expressed in gerund) Story #1: Verb + Gerund or Infinitive? For example: If it is the year 2017, write the year 2037 on the board. Privacy Policy . Fling this rule away, wherever you heard or misheard it. Infinitives: to swim, to hope, to tell, to eat, to dream. (wrong worth visiting), Would you agree to pay more taxes if it meant that university education would be free? I run a Conversation Club in Quito, Ecuador. Our confidence began to disappear. We should always try to keep a positive attitude and expect the best outcomes. Running is Olivia's favorite activity. (correct), When do you expect getting a job? An infinitive usually follows certain verbs in a sentence in this verb: Or a linking verb and an adjective in this pattern: Study the sentences below. In the beginning, it was difficult __________ regularly. Have the students skim the reading for any unfamiliar vocabulary terms, and provide them time to ask about any new vocabulary words. An infinitive is formed with "to" and the base form of the verb. But he had a problem. 4. It is preceded by "be" (am) and follows the subject. Or can I re-write the sentence like this: "Additionally, living in Costa Rica also gave me the opportunity to interact with the local population.". Give them the example of "I want to go" vs. "I enjoy going". Afterwards, if I'm teaching a 1.5 hour lesson, I usually begin mymore formal lesson with a controlled worksheet, and then a semi-controlled speaking activity (e.g. If you want to be happy, you should do five things. My job is to make clothes for customers. He prefers drinking alcohol to lifting weights, of course. Part Two uses the completed homework for a speaking and listening activity. My job is to create new medical devices and research new ways to treat patients who are sick. Note: Students do not need to strictly follow the order of sentences as written on the board. After filling in all the information, provide each student with a copy of the Travel Notes from Appendix 1. Encourage the students to ask questions about their partners answers. Teresa's boyfriend Bernardo is gaining weight. We can write a letter or email to someone who helped us, just to say "Thank you." B: I'm sorry. Which one has a gerund as the subject of the verb? Middle school students begin to learn more about grammar and complex sentence structure in the eighth grade when they are introduced to verbals, which include participles, infinitives and gerunds. This page titled 3.1: Grammar: Using Gerunds and Infinitives for Sentence Variety is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Sara Ferguson. 2. discussions questions (there are some below)). After he finishes college, he wants to work as a geologist. (correct), What chore do you detest to do the most? I'm writing and essay (in English) and decided to googled it to check if the same happened in English. Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete . I tried out for the school team, but I quickly realized that most of the players were much faster and better than I was. Bernardo hates _________________ (exercise), but he will try it. That group of sentences is called a paragraph. Gerunds are formed by adding "ing" to a verb. 5. Is English difficult or easy ___________ (learn)? Privacy policy. (I wanted to be), What kinds of games did you enjoy playing? a. Suddenly, we were only winning by 4 points with just a couple of minutes left in the game, and we hadn't scored a basket in a long time. Give each student in group A one job title card. He stopped eating fast food and started buying more fruit and vegetables. I turned, jumped, and let the ball go as two defending players attempted to block me. The gerunds and infinitives in the second paragraph are as follows: What do you like to do in your free time? You should think positive thoughts. What do you sometimes forget ___________ (do)? Next, on the board write the word E-Sports. He decided to go on a diet. . Other video gamers have turned their hobby into a career as a streamer, and many former professional gamers switch from competition to streaming video games. Similar to these examples: Watching television is my favorite to-do on a Saturday night. I remember playing basketball with my friends at school and wanting to be "like Mike." He tried _____________ but he couldn't. (tell) 2. These parts are the topic sentence, development and support, and conclusion. He said that he didn't mean _________ her, but she started _________. (wrong to have), Did you accidentally forget doing anything on the weekend? The gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition for. (wrong in going), If you saw an accident at the side of the road, would you keep to drive? She saw him pass by McDonald's, but then he stopped walking. How to convert a sequence of integers into a monomial. If it's correct, they can just answer the question. The goal of this warm-up activity is to introduce students to some jobs that they may not know exist. This week we will conclude our gerund and infinitives activities by practicing giving and receiving travel advice. Speaking, reading (primary focus); listening, writing (secondary focus), Activity Part One: dreaming of the future. Finding (gerund) Sure, I was tall, but I couldn't compete! Most English speakers go through their entire lives not knowing what a gerund is, whilst happily using them in their everyday speech without any problems! One month ago, my friend Bernardo decided _________________ (lose) some weight. Gerund and Infinitive Exercises - Quiz 1 Ali's Story Booking The School Michael Jordan was in his prime at that time, and I enjoyed watching him lead the . If you're comparing two or more arguments, it's best to maintain the same structure for both arguments (and the paragraphs that explain them). However, some of the questions have errors. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Use the chart in this chapter to decide if you should use a gerund or infinitive with each verb or phrase. Please contact me on my whats app: +593-991480533 Thanks so much. But they failed to stop me, and the ball went into the basket! Review infinitives while making future plans, Practice speaking skills by discussing their wishes for the future. All ages. He said that he didn't mean to hit her, but she started screaming. This question appears to be off-topic because it is based on a non-existent rule of grammar. As a quick review, ask the students where the infinitive verbs are in the sentences above (Teachers could also ask students to idenitify gerunds here, though not the focus of this activity). A gerund is a noun made from a verb root plus ing (a present participle). As a productive activity, I typicallydo this activity with verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives. And the verb 'to shampoo' is from the Indian/Hindi verb, 'champo/champna', to knead or press with the hands, to wash the hair. In the first sentence, "mentoring" is the subject of the verb "is", In the second sentence, "volunteering" is the object of the preposition "on", In the third sentence, "inspiring" is the object of the verb "love", "It linking verb + adjective + infinitive. I have highlighted the gerunds and infinitives so you can see how they are used in context. Gerunds always function as nouns, but infinitives often also serve as nouns. He was gaining weight.. Begin the next part of the lesson by having the students do a Think, Pair, Share: a. English version of Russian proverb "The hedgehogs got pricked, cried, but continued to eat the cactus", enjoy another stunning sunset 'over' a glass of assyrtiko. Group B: Have the students in Group B move around the room and look at the country signs. Print out the WOOP Verbs and Adjectives List in Appendix 1, and make copies for each student. For the gerund and infinitive exercises below you have to decide if you need the gerund: verb + ing e.g. swimming or the infinitive: to + verb e.g. Thank you so much! tnq very much for the stories they helped me very much. When is it acceptable to start a sentence with an "-ing" word? However, they would never consider starting from our house. In the beginning, it was difficult to go regularly. Stack Exchange network consists of 181 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. 2. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. The present participle of a verb, and that is used with the verb 'to be', also ends with -ing but is not a gerund. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). His father triedto get them to the airport, but the roads were icy. In this part of the activity, students will match job descriptions to the job titles. It encourages people to take actions that make their dreams possible. What is something fun that have you decided ___________ (do) recently? In English, if you want to follow a verb with another action, you must use a gerund or an infinitive. The worksheet can be previewed below in its entirely. Note: For advanced classes, have students share their partners unique job in order to practice using reported speech. Directions: Cut out the job and job description cards below. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition. When you would read or write an essay, or any fully-written write-up, you would always encounter a group of sentences that expounds, extends, and explains a single idea. While students share their answers, check their matches for correctness. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. This handout provides a detailed overview (including descriptions and examples) of gerunds, participles, and infinitives. The stories are great! a needle (direct object of action expressed in gerund) This weeks Teachers Corner practices using gerunds and infinitives through a reading activity on professional video gaming. Yes I saw Justin Bieber last year and, ------ (fold or cut paper here) ----------------, ------------- (fold paper here) ----------------------------------. _______________ (watch) a streamer can be a great way _______________ (learn) about a new game or meet others who enjoy _______________ (play) the same game. Copyright 2022 by The On-Campus Writing Lab& The OWL at Purdueand Purdue University. The Group A students should answer the questions and provide the information they wrote down in the travel notes for homework. Their functions, however, overlap. Thank you so much. The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. In five years? Bernardo lovestraveling. She decide/visit/ British Columbia. He triedto stop, but he couldn't. What would you like to stop ___________ (do)? Some may have near equivalents to the English gerund, but of course, will have their own linguistic styles. 3. I plan to use all the activities. What do you hope to do next year? 2. I will however change the storyline because the majority of the stories seem a bit over the top and not suitable for younger learners, i.e. Once the students are finished, have them form pairs or small groups and review their answers together. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Note: For additional reading and speaking practice, have the students read the paragraphs aloud, taking turns at each new paragraph, while they review their answers. Work through an example together as a class by filling in the last column on the table. Maybe it's leading to more passive voice and the criticism is that? This activity combines grammar with speakingand listening practice. "Seeing is believing." (The gerund is, My cat's favorite food is salmon. He hesitated _________ in, but he finally did. His girlfriend called him when we were at the pub. For English Language Teachers Around the World, Teacher's Corner: Gerunds and Infinitives. B: Oh. Can I general this code to draw a regular polyhedron. Inform the students that today the class will learn about video games and e-sports through a reading activity. While students work on their ideas, pass out the verbs and adjectives list found in Appendix 1. Some people also express gratitude by praying or meditating. They both got kicked out of the restaurant. Would you like to see more articles like this in the future? 9. 5. He was gaining weight. (Note: it requires having some pictures cut up, but it could be done without pictures). The best players in the world need to practice up to 50 hours a week, and many players retire, or stop playing, around the age of 25, when they are considered too old to stay competitive. And now, whenever someone asks me what I wanted to be when I was a kid, I'm happy to answer: I wanted to be a basketball player. In this case you can see that it is a form and development of the verb '. e using infinitives and gerunds in the context of travel and learning about the world. (wrong detest doing), When is someone old enough to get married? Next, have the students read the paragraphs. It may seem easy to broadcast yourself playing games on the internet, but the life of a streamer can be difficult. Then fill in the blanks with either a gerund or an infinitive form of the verb. Conclude this portion of the activity by having students share the information they learned about the country they most want to visit. "Living in Costa Rica also gave me the opportunity to interact with the local population.". Unless you can expand on that, it would be difficult to answer. One day, she followed him home from work. Yesterday, he drank beer with me instead of __________. The difference in the form of gerunds and infinitives is quite clear just from comparing the following lists: Gerunds: swimming, hoping, telling, eating, dreaming. This website collects and publishes the ideas of individuals who have contributed those ideas in their capacities as faculty-mentored student scholars. But then, I got the ball in front of the basket with several other players around me. Now he exercises every day and he looks better. "Becoming colder by the second, we hurried to the refuge.". Next, have them share with a partner which job interests them and why. Print the Travel Notes in Appendix 1. Great ideas! Is it correct to start a sentence with "with" in English? 5 Object complement: I see myself biking every day . However, some video gamers have made their hobby into a career! He stopped __________ his beer __________ the phone. Parabolic, suborbital and ballistic trajectories all follow elliptic paths. It acts like a noun in a sentence. When we do something helpful for another person, we feel more satisfied with life. Has the cause of a rocket failure ever been mis-identified, such that another launch failed due to the same problem? They include the adjective + gerund & preposition + gerundpattern. This is how I begin. The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. To help students understand, teach each verbal in a separate lesson. Naturally, as the teacher, you'll want to preview the questions to make sure they are familiar with the verbs. Starting with a gerund is no different than ending with one or having one in the middle. Do you mind telling me her name? Causative with have/get + object + present participle: when can it be used? It is simply a technical term used by linguistic analysts within their speciality field. Due to this popularity, organizers of the Olympics are considering including e-sports in future Olympic games. alcohol misuse, domestic violence. Thank you for sharing. Before class begins, write on the chalkboard the prompts and sentence structures from Appendix 1 so that the class can do an example version together. Updated on May 16, 2019 Grammar. 1. Fragments are incomplete sentences. After students have had the opportunity to do their research homework, begin the class by having students present their homework. This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue University. An infinitive is not a verb. This refers to what or who is being discussed about in the sentence. 4. 6. studying. These students should find a country to which they would like to travel. Browse other questions tagged, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site. Have students take out a piece of paper and a pen or pencil and write down their answers to these questions. Begin this section of the activity by directing the students attention to the board. The students listen and then record themselves. 10. Talk to yourself or type your answers in the comments. Video gaming has become a big business, with many professional gaming teams, university teams, and national teams competing in global video game tournaments. 1. A 'gerund' is the name given to nouns ending with -ing. What is something that you have recently avoided to do? Patrick, Thank you very much for sharing your teaching technique :) Has been looking for something interesting and your ideas helped a lot :), great ideas, tnks, Ill use it on my lesson, Thanks for sharing these activities They will be quite useful for my classes. The gerundis a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. Thanks a lot for sharing. (The gerund has been removed.). He began _____________ when he was a young child. Clarifying Questions Gerunds and Infinitives Version. / She's interested in cycling.). This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. I have to find interesting places and prepare them before the directors and actors arrive. But he had a problem. After a few minutes, she decided to follow him in. What a great resource for teaching this tough subject. They keep verb-like qualities, such as using adverbs or taking objects. This week, while students learn to use gerunds and infinitives, take some time to learn about the wide world of video games from them!
Craigslist Central Jersey Labor Gigs, Lobo Basketball Transfers, What Happened To Kyle Nebel How Ridiculous, Rab Affleck Wife, Articles P